Procedure for ADA Reasonable Accommodations for Employees, Applicants and Visitors

Title

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Procedure for ADA Reasonable Accommodations for Employees, Applicants and Visitors

Introduction

Purpose

This Procedure implements the University's Policy on Reasonable Accommodations for Employees, Applicants and Visitors.

Scope of Applicability

All University employees are covered individuals under this policy. Additionally, applicants for employment are covered in the application process and should contact the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office if reasonable accommodations are required during that process. Visitors to campus or those participating in University sponsored events are also covered.

Procedure

I. Procedure to Request a Reasonable Accommodation

As stated in Section I of the University Standard on ADA Reasonable Accommodation in Employment, employees, applicants and visitors are responsible for requesting an accommodation under this Policy.

A. Applicants

  1. Applicant requests for reasonable accommodation during the hiring process may be made to the hiring supervisor, human resources personnel or the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office. Supervisors or human resources personnel receiving a request should contact the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office for guidance.

B. Visitors

  1. Visitors to campus or those participating in University sponsored events needing reasonable accommodations should call the University department/unit responsible for coordinating the respective event, activity, or program. Visitors can also call the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office to request an accommodation. University departments or units that receive visitors' request for accommodations for an event, activity or program should immediately consult with the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office. The Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office will work with the visitor and department/unit responsible for coordinating the event to determine the appropriate accommodation.

C. Employees

  1. Employee requests for reasonable accommodation must be made to the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office by completing the Self Identification and Accommodation Request forms. Supervisors or human resources personnel should refer employees who indicate a need for accommodation to the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office for assistance and should contact the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office for guidance.
  2. The employee must meet with the ADA Officer or designee who will facilitate an interactive process between the employee and the supervisor to determine if a reasonable accommodation can be provided to the employee. The employee must communicate how the disability affects his/her ability to perform the essential functions of the job, and identify what workplace accommodations are necessary to assist in performing the job duties.
  3. The ADA Officer or designee will discuss essential functions of the particular position involved and the precise job-related limitations; and offer suggestions for possible reasonable and effective accommodations.
  4. The ADA Officer or designee may request medical documentation of the individual's functional limitations to support the request. Any medical documentation will be collected and maintained in accordance with appropriate confidentiality procedures.
  5. The employee's supervisor and/or department will provide information on the essential functions of the position and the impact the requested accommodation will have on the operations of the department. The supervisor will also provide input to the ADA Officer or designee on the effectiveness each potential accommodation would have in allowing the employee to perform the essential functions of the position.
  6. The Employee and Management Relations Department in the Office of Human Resources or the Provost's Office may be informed and/or consulted if there is an active or developing employee relations issue.
  7. Upon completion of the interactive process, the Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office is responsible for assessing whether or not the employee's requested workplace accommodation is reasonable and determining what, if any accommodation is most appropriate for both the employee and the University. While consideration is given to the employee's preference, the University will choose from among reasonably effective accommodations and may select and implement the one that is most cost effective and easiest to provide.
  8. The Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office will provide a written decision within 30 calendar days from the date of the employee request, and will notify the employee if a longer period is needed.

Definitions

Disability - The term "Disability" means, with respect to an individual:

  1. a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more Major Life Activities of such individual;
  2. a record of such an impairment;
  3. being Regarded as Having such an Impairment; or
  4. an impairment that is episodic or in remission if it substantially limits a Major Life Activity when it is active.

Employee - Individuals employed by the University including faculty members, EHRA non-faculty employees, SHRA employees, graduate, professional and doctoral students, post-doctoral scholars, and student employees.

Essential Function(s) - the fundamental duties of the position or the primary reasons the position exists.

The University is not required to eliminate an Essential Function from the position, or to lower quality or performance standards to make an accommodation, as long as those standards are applied uniformly to employees with or without a Disability. The University is not required to create a new position to accommodate an employee. The University makes a determination as to whether a job function is "essential" on a case-by-case basis. Some of the factors used in determining whether a job function is essential are:

  1. whether the reason the position exists is to perform that function;
  2. the number of other employees available to perform the function or among whom the performance of the function can be distributed; and
  3. the degree of expertise or skill required to perform the function.

Has a Record of an Impairment - An individual has a record of an impairment if that individual has a history of, or has been classified as having, a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more Major Life Activities.

Major Life Activities -

  1. In General - major life activities include, but are not limited to, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, and working.
  2. Major Bodily Functions - a major life activity also includes the operation of a major bodily function, including but not limited to, functions of the immune system, normal cell growth, digestive, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, endocrine, and reproductive functions.

Qualified Individual with a Disability - An employee or applicant for employment who, with or without a Reasonable Accommodation can perform the Essential Functions of the position.

Reasonable Accommodation - A modification or adjustment to a position, an employment practice, or the work environment that makes it possible for a Qualified Individual with a Disability to perform the Essential Functions of the position.

Reasonable Accommodations may include, but are not limited to:

  • Making existing facilities readily accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities;
  • Job restructuring, modifying work schedules, reassignment to a vacant position;
  • Acquiring or modifying equipment or devices, adjusting or modifying examinations, training materials, or policies, and providing qualified readers or interpreters;
  • Making a website or digital information accessible; or
  • Allowing leave as an accommodation.

The University is not obligated to and will not provide personal use items needed in accomplishing daily activities (e.g. eyeglasses, hearing aids, prosthetic limbs, or a wheelchair).

Regarded as Having such an Impairment - An individual is Regarded as Having such an Impairment if the individual establishes that he or she has been subjected to an action prohibited by the ADA because of an actual or perceived physical or mental impairment, whether or not the impairment substantially limits or is perceived to substantially limit a Major Life Activity.

When determining if a condition is a Disability under this Policy, the University will not take into consideration any "mitigating measures" such as prescription drugs, medical equipment, prosthetics or other remedies, beyond ordinary eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Substantially Limiting - An impairment is a Disability under this Policy if it substantially limits the ability of an individual to perform a Major Life Activity as compared to most people in the general population. An impairment need not prevent, or significantly or severely restrict, the individual from performing a Major Life Activity in order to be considered substantially limiting.

Undue Hardship - An accommodation or action requiring significant difficulty or expense when considered in light of factors such as the University's size, financial resources, and the nature and structure of its operation. Undue Hardship also refers to an accommodation that is unduly extensive, substantial, or disruptive, or one that would fundamentally alter the nature of the position.

Related Requirements

External Regulations and Consequences

University Policies, Standards, and Procedures

Contact Information

Primary Contact

Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office, 919.966.3576, eoc@unc.edu

Important Dates

  • Effective Date and title of Approver:
    • Effective Date: November 03, 2009
    • Title of Approver: Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office
  • Revision and Review Dates, Change notes, title of Reviewer or Approver:
    • Last Revised: June 09, 2017
    • Revised by: Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office
    • Substantive Revisions:
      1. Title updated – "For Employees" changed to "For Employees and Applicants."
      2. Moved "University Responsibilities and Employee/Applicant Responsibilities," "Confidentiality," and "Appeals/Grievance Procedure" into "Standards" document from prior draft of "Procedures" document.
      3. Reorganized "Definitions" section to put terms in alphabetical order.
      4. Deleted "Marginal Job Function" definition.
      5. Updated "Related Requirements" section to ensure all information across the university policy, standard, and procedures documents was uniform.

Approved by:

/S/

________________________________________________________________________________
Brandon Washington June 23, 2017
Director, Equal Opportunity and Compliance Office

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Details

Article ID: 132488
Created
Sat 4/10/21 9:12 PM
Modified
Thu 7/8/21 4:11 AM
Effective Date
If the date on which this document became/becomes enforceable differs from the Origination or Last Revision, this attribute reflects the date on which it is/was enforcable.
06/23/2017 12:00 AM
Issuing Officer
Name of the document Issuing Officer. This is the individual whose organizational authority covers the policy scope and who is primarily responsible for the policy.
Issuing Officer Title
Title of the person who is primarily responsible for issuing this policy.
Vice Chancellor for Human Resources and Equal Opportunity and Compliance
Last Review
Date on which the most recent document review was completed.
06/23/2017 12:00 AM
Last Revised
Date on which the most recent changes to this document were approved.
06/23/2017 12:00 AM
Origination
Date on which the original version of this document was first made official.
11/03/2009 12:00 AM
Responsible Unit
School, Department, or other organizational unit issuing this document.
Equal Opportunity and Compliance