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This procedure describes the requirements for obtaining consent from human research subjects participating in research conducted under the auspices of UNC-Chapel Hill.
This scenario arises when: UNC-Chapel Hill is the lead coordinating center responsible for overall study conduct; or A UNC-Chapel Hill employee serves as principal investigator for the entire multi-site study, (unless coordinating function located elsewhere as in some NIH-sponsored groups), or UNC-Chapel Hill is the sponsor (initiates contracts with and disburses funds to other sites).
A repository is a collection of data or biological specimens whose organizers: Receive data or specimens from multiple sources; Maintain the data or specimens over time; and Control access to and use of data or specimens by multiple individuals and/or for multiple purposes, which may evolve over time
Community based research (CBR) is research that is conducted as an equal partnership between academic investigators and members of a community. In CBR projects, the community participates fully in all aspects of the research process. Community is often self-defined, but general categories of community include geographic community, a community of individuals with a common problem or issue, or a community of individuals with a common interest or goal.
Certificates of Confidentiality are issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to protect identifiable research information from forced disclosure. They allow the investigator and others who have access to research records to refuse to disclose identifying information on research participants in any civil, criminal, administrative, legislative, or other proceeding, whether at the federal, state, or local level.
This policy outlines the responsibilities of IRB members for making known any potential or perceived conflicts of interest (COI) concerning protocols reviewed by the IRB. No IRB member may participate in the review of any research project in which they have a COI, except to provide information, as requested. It is the responsibility of each IRB member to disclose any COI related to a study submitted for review and to recuse him/herself from the deliberations and vote by leaving the room.
When some or all of the participants in a research conducted under the auspices of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill) are likely to be vulnerable to coercion or undue influence or have diminished decision-making capacity, the research must include additional safeguards to protect the rights and welfare of these participants.
This SOP establishes the processes and procedures for ensuring the rights, safety, and welfare of research participants are protected when UNC-Chapel Hill shares responsibility for research oversight with another organization.
An “Institutional-, investigator- or sponsor-initiated hold” refers to a voluntary action by the institution, investigator or sponsor of the study to place some or all research activities associated with that study on hold. Institutional, investigator or sponsor holds may be the result of interim data analysis, inadequate drug availability, response to a DSMB report/recommendation, pre-planned stopping point or other information.
In general, an anecdotal report on one or a series of patients seen in one’s own practice and a comparison of these patients to existing reports in the literature is not research and does not require IRB approval. Going beyond one’s own practice to seek out and report cases seen by other clinicians creates the appearance of a systematic investigation with the intent to contribute to generalizable knowledge and therefore is considered research and would require IRB approval.
There is the inherent risk that incidental findings (IF) may be discovered on research- directed imaging procedures. These IFs may or may not be of clinical significance. The incidence of detected abnormalities when imaging varies depending on a number of factors including age of subjects, health status, the technology used and the expertise of the individual reviewing the image.
The UNC IRB has developed this SOP to describe a series of consistent, deliberate steps to mitigate fetal exposure to risk in clinical research studies among women of child-bearing potential (CBP).
The IRB should pay particular attention to the following issues in survey research: Possibility of undue influence in administration of the survey; Possibility of deductive disclosure based on demographic information garnered from subjects (subject confidentiality and privacy must be protected); The setting of the survey and the issues raised by such a setting; and The mode of obtaining consent, especially when implied consent is to be used.
If researchers wish to utilize data from voice, video, digital or image recordings, they must take a variety of special precautions. First, the researcher must obtain appropriate permissions from subjects who will not have their anonymity protected due to the very nature of the data being collected.
Each separate human subjects research study requires IRB review and approval of the specific proposed study, regardless of whether the data set or research materials have been previously compiled.